They have largely been absorbed into the Portuguese-Brazilian civilization, and few live in reservations or tribes. [citation needed]. In mineral extraction, there is exploration, in the Cachoeiro de Itapemirim area, of reserves of marbles, limestone and dolomite. Tyrolean settlers were both of German and Italian language and concentrated in the region of Santa Leopoldina and Santa Teresa. [citation needed]. Depuis sa création, Banestes a continué à construire l'un des plus grands réseaux bancaires de l'État d'Espirito Santo. In 2012, the export basket of Espírito Santo was based on iron ore (52.49%), crude oil (10.87%), chemical pulp made of soda or sulphate wood (10.01%), stone or construction (5.58%) and coffee (4.42%). In 2017, Minas accounted for 54.3% of the total national coffee production (1st place), Espírito Santo accounted for 19.7% (second place) and São Paulo, 9.8% (third place). Afonso Cláudio de Freitas Rosa was appointed the first governor of the State by the provisional government. Espírito Santo is Brazil's highest steel-producing state. In the south, dairy farming is practiced, and milk is sold, through cooperatives, in the markets of Rio de Janeiro and Vitória. 60-75% of the population of Espírito Santo have Italian ancestry, making it the state with the highest percentage of Italian descendants in Brazil. [citation needed], Originally, "capixaba" referred only to people from Vitória, but in common parlance it eventually came to refer to those born anywhere in the state. Following the elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves in 1815, prompted by the transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, Espírito Santo was elevated to a province. As at the time they were Ottoman Empire citizens, they were commonly called 'Turcos' (Turks). Vitória (Portuguese pronunciation: [viˈtɔɾjɐ], Victory), spelled Victória until the 1940s, is the capital of the state of Espírito Santo, Brazil.It is located on a small island within a bay where a number of rivers meet the sea. One of the most important lake districts in Brazil lies on the banks of the Doce River. During the Vargas Era, state governors were indirectly elected by Congress. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Et pourtant, poursuit Carta Capital, cet État d’Espírito Santo, qui comptait dans les années 1980 parmi les plus violents du Brésil, a mené depuis 2011 une politique intelligente de prévention et de respect des citoyens, couplant des mesures de sécurité à la prise en charge des jeunes dans les quartiers pauvres. [24]. The capital was at first established in Vila Velha, but due to frequent raids by Amerindians, it was moved to the current capital of Vitória, founded on September 8, 1551, on an island near Vila Velha, which was later named Vitória Island. In May 1999 the first direct international freight connection to the United States It was given this name in reference to the Holy Ghost, believed by some Christian religions to be the third part of a trinity God … The livestock industry is represented primarily by cattle raised for milk and beef. It was elevated to province status in 1821, following the 1815 elevation of Brazil to a constituent kingdom of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, prompted by the 1808 transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil. Another reason for the subdued expansion was the colonial administration's prohibition of the laying roads leading into Minas Gerais, as it was feared gold would be smuggled through the state. The ten largest producing municipalities had 22.9% of the country's production. They were the cities of Telêmaco Borba (PR), Três Lagoas (MS), Caravelas (BA), Mucuri (BA), Ortigueira (PR), São Mateus (ES), Dom Eliseu (PR), Nova Viçosa (BA), Water Clara (MS) and Ribas do Rio Pardo (MS).[28][29]. There are about 140 thousand barrels a day. Espiritu Santo, with many wrecks and reefs to be explored, is a very popular tourist destination for divers. Espírito Santo is a state in southeastern Brazil. Inland, there are many natural attractions, such as the national parks of Pedra Azul and Caparaó. Tourist destinations include coastal areas such as Guarapari, Jacaraípe and Manguinhos, and mountain retreats such as Domingos Martins. This category has the following 12 subcategories, out of 12 total. The main crops grown are coffee, sugarcane and fruits (mostly coconut, bananas and papayas). Zum Mundartgebrauch in Siedlungen pommerscher Auswanderer des 19. The state can be divided into two areas: the low lying coastline and the highland area known as Serra (where one can find the 2,890 meter tall Pico da Bandeira), which is part of the larger Serra do Caparaó range. The official state demonym, however, is "espírito-santense". [22], Espírito Santo had an orange production of around 18 thousand tons in 2018, the country's 14th largest producer state. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Espírito Santo stands out in this sector. began operating in Vitória, facilitating American imports to the state of Espírito Santo. Media in category "Lighthouses in Espírito Santo" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. [1] With an extensive coastline, the state hosts some of the country's main ports, and its beaches are significant tourist attractions. The bay on which it is located is extremely narrow, with rocks, reefs and mountains making it challenging for freighters and maritime cruisers to reach the docks. Lately, a new type of tourism has gained prominence: gastronomic, in which typical Capixaba cuisine, heir to different cultures, is appreciated. The latter two are concentrated around Cariacica and the Vale do Rio Doce ironworks. Banque Privée Espírito Santo SA en liquidation, c/o Carrard Consulting SA, Rue Pépinet 3, 1003 Lausanne. VI-VIII.) Especially in the 16th century, a number of towns in Espírito Santo were founded with primarily Amerindian populations converted to Catholicism, such as Serra and Santa Cruz. Together, they correspond to 72.7% of the national production of 85.1 million m³. Large groups of Romani people settled in Espírito Santo's countryside in the late 19th century. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean (E), the state of Bahia (N), the state of Minas Gerais (N and W), and the state of Rio de Janeiro (S). With 46,180 square kilometers (17,830 sq mi), it is about the size of Estonia, or half the size of Portugal, and has a variety of habitats including coastal planes, lakes, mountainous forests, mangroves and many others. Espírito Santo was the third largest producer state, with 9.4%. The steel industries are located in the capital Vitória: Companhia Ferro e Aço de Vitória, iron ore pelletizing plant of Companhia Vale do Rio Doce; lumber, textiles, crockery, instant coffee, chocolates and refrigerators. The Portuguese court were fleeing the Napoleonic Invasion of Portugal (1807). [citation needed]. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo was carved out of the Captaincy of Bahia in the 18th century, during the colonial rule of Brazil, and named after a 16th century captaincy covering roughly the same area of coast. Guarapari is also a local tourist destination, known for its healing black sand beaches. Slavery started losing its economic importance in Espírito Santo after that event. A new runway and terminal were due at the end of 2007 but several budget inconsistencies were found and construction was halted. The tertiary sector is underdeveloped throughout the state. With several discoveries made, mainly by Petrobras, the State left the fifth position in the Brazilian ranking of reserves, in 2002, to become one of the largest oil province in the country, with total reserves of 2.5 billion barrels. In the urban centers of the capital and Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, practically all the main units of the Espírito Santo transformation industry are concentrated. As of 2018, there are five such flights a week. Like today's Capixaba Italian community, they still hold on to many aspects of their ancestors' homeland's culture, as represented in festivals such as the Sommerfest in Domingos Martins. 2. They settled on Vitória Island and around the Bay of Vitória. A Les villes principales de l'Espírito Santo (à l'exception de la région du Grand Vitória) sont Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Guarapari, Linhares, Muniz Freire et Vila Velha. The service sector is the largest component of GDP at 50%, followed by the industrial sector at 44%. There is debate as to the origin of the term capixaba, the unofficial demonym for those born in Espírito Santo. After Cristiano Dias Lopes, Arthur Carlos Gerhard Santos, Élcio Álvares and Eurico Rezende were chosen in this fashion, the military government slowly redemocratized, culminating in the adoption of Brazil's current 1988 Constitution. Il est limité par l'océan Atlantique à l'est, le Bahia au nord, le Minas Gerais au nord et à l'ouest et l'État de Rio de Janeiro au sud. The country exported US $ 7.48 billion in pulp this year, US $ 3.25 billion only to China. The flag was designed in 1908, with colours inspired by those of Our Lady of Victory (English: Nossa Senhora da Vitória), the state's patron saint, wearing traditional Portuguese clothing. He arrived at the captaincy to serve his term on May 23, 1535, bringing a retinue of 60 soldiers, colonists, slaves and servants. [9][10][11][12] They founded many towns in the area and have significant influence on Capixaba society. The 2012 National Research by Household Sample census revealed the following numbers: 1,835,000 White (50.45%), 1,448,000 Brown (Multiracial) (39.81%), 336,000 Black (9.25%), 7,000 Asian (0.19%), 11,000 Indigenous (0.30%). More recently developed are silviculture and fruit growing, with use for canned fruit and for cellulose production. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. [7], The population density was 72.7 inhabitants per square kilometer (188/sq mi). These 5 sectors concentrate 69.9% of the state's industry. Urbanization: 82.2% (2006); Population growth: 2% (1991–2000); Houses: 1,056,000 (2006).[8]. Esta categoria inclui imagens relacionadas ao município de Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Espírito Santo - Brasil. Tourism plays an ever-increasing role in the state's economy and is a leading destination in Brazilian domestic tourism, although international tourism is rarer. Subcategories. São Paulo comes in 2nd place, with an 11.5% share of total production. The Captaincy of Espírito Santo, a hereditary fief, was granted to Vasco Coutinho by Manuel I of Portugal around three decades after the Portuguese first landed in Brazil in 1500. To this day they continue centuries old customs within their communities. About industry, Espírito Santo in 2017 had an industrial GDP of R$ 21.3 billion, equivalent to 1.8% of the national industry. Subcategories. The volcanic islands of Trindade and Martim Vaz, 715 kilometers (444 mi) east of Vitória in the southern Atlantic Ocean, are part of Espírito Santo. Espírito Santo's namesake is the Christian Holy Ghost (also known as the Holy Spirit). State of Espirito Santo Tourism: Tripadvisor has 211,505 reviews of State of Espirito Santo Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best State of Espirito Santo resource. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. The state has 30.1 thousand kilometers of highways, but only 10% are paved. Remarks: Les créanciers ont reçu à leur adresse connue deux circulaires de la liquidatrice portant sur la cession de droits de la masse. more, State of Espirito Santo Bed and Breakfast, State of Espirito Santo Vacation Packages, Last Minute Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, Popular State of Espirito Santo Categories, State of Espirito Santo Ski-In / Ski-Out Hotels, Romantic Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 5-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 4-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, 3-stars Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Free Parking, Pet Friendly Hotels in State of Espirito Santo, State of Espirito Santo Hotels with Pools, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Pet Friendly Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Beach Suite Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Cheap Beach Hotels, State of Espirito Santo Pet Friendly Campgrounds, Family Resorts in State of Espirito Santo, Resorts on the Ocean in State of Espirito Santo, All things to do in State of Espirito Santo, Commonly Searched For in State of Espirito Santo, Nature & Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Sights & Landmarks in State of Espirito Santo, Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Tours & Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Theater & Concerts in State of Espirito Santo, Transportation in State of Espirito Santo, Boat Tours & Water Sports in State of Espirito Santo, Zoos & Aquariums in State of Espirito Santo, Amusement Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Beach & Pool Clubs in State of Espirito Santo, Horseback Riding Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Speed Boats Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Kayaking & Canoeing in State of Espirito Santo, Parasailing & Paragliding in State of Espirito Santo, Scuba & Snorkelling in State of Espirito Santo, Hiking & Camping Tours in State of Espirito Santo, Zipline & Aerial Adventure Parks in State of Espirito Santo, Other Outdoor Activities in State of Espirito Santo, Stand Up Paddleboarding in State of Espirito Santo, Canyoning & Rappelling Tours in State of Espirito Santo. État littoral montagneux et forestier. The port of Vitória is the most difficult to access among Brazilian port. Espírito Santo is a major steel producer, due to two steel mills present in its territory: ArcelorMittal Tubarão (formerly Companhia Siderúrgica de Tubarão), in the capital Vitória, which, in 2018, produced 7 million tons of crude steel, of the 35.4 million produced in the country; and ArcelorMittal Sul Fluminense (formerly Votorantim Siderurgia), also in the capital, which produced 1 million tons of crude steel in the same year. Agriculture represents 5% of GDP (2004). [citation needed] In São Mateus, petroleum reserves have been found on the continental shelf, and are being commercially exploited. The Arab-Brazilians of Espírito Santo are generally Maronite Christians. The country exported 2.163 million tons. [23]. Brazilian forest-based industry exports totaled US $ 9.7 billion (US $ 7.48 billion in cellulose, US $ 2 billion in paper and US $ 265 million in wood panels). [33], Location of State of Espírito Santo in Brazil. In Vitória, ships sail in close proximity to cars and pedestrians. Ya hemos leído en Juan 14:26 las palabras de Jesús: «El Consolador, el Espíritu Santo, a quien el Padre enviará en mi nombre, él os enseñará todas las cosas, y os recordará todo lo que yo os he dicho». Paper production was 10.535 million tons in 2019. El Espíritu Santo, al llenar al creyente con un sentido de lo divino, le mueve a rendir este honor y alabanza. El espíritu Santo se dedica a traer gloria para Dios, e impartir "gloria" en el corazón de los creyentes. This motto is a truncated version of the Jesuit motto "work as if everything depended on you, and trust as if everything depended on God", well spread by Spanish Catholic missionary José de Anchieta, and was chosen by Jerônimo Monteiro, who was Governor of Espírito Santo from 1908 to 1912. Sands and marbles are also important products of Espírito Santo extractivism. A more mainstream explanation is that the name is a metaphor for a corn-grower; Vitória Island is known to have been full of corn plantations in the early centuries of Portuguese rule in Brazil. Democratic elections were held for the filling of every term, up to the incumbent, Renato Casagrande. This Brazilian state is in the east of the southeastern subdivision of Brazil, which also contains the states of São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro. The peak of Bandeira, the third highest in the country, is another tourist destination. Espírito Santo, estado (state) on the east coast of Brazil. The federative units of Brazil (Portuguese: unidades federativas do Brasil) are subnational entities with a certain degree of autonomy (self-government, self-regulation and self-collection) and endowed with their own government and constitution, which together form the Federative Republic of Brazil.There are 26 states (estados) and one federal district (distrito federal). On the other hand, the connection of Cachoeiro de Itapemirim to the city of Rio de Janeiro, by paved highway, allowed the incorporation of the region into the Rio de Janeiro milk basin and facilitated the export of agricultural products, such as coffee, corn, manioc, rice and vegetables. Le sud de l'Espírito Santo est l'une des quatre mésorégions de l'État de l'Espírito Santo. It is bounded to the north by the state of Bahia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the south by the state of Rio de Janeiro, and to the west and north by the state of Minas Gerais. According to the IBGE as of 2012, there were 3,637,000 people residing in the state. The passenger terminal has a constructed area of nearly 4,000 square meters (43,000 sq ft), a check-in concourse, 25 check-in counters and boarding and arrival lounges. In 1556, after the arrival of European missionaries, the cities Serra, Nova Almeida and Santa Cruz were founded. The total number of chickens in the state is approximately 9.2 million birds, and that of cattle exceeds 1.8 million heads. After the Independence of Brazil in 1822, Espírito Santo's provincial status was kept, and it was headed by an appointed provincial president. Coastal cuisine is an attraction, with moqueca capixaba and other local seafood dishes among traditional offerings. Its capital is Vitória, and its largest city is Serra. Données [modifier | modifier le code] La région compte 587 756 habitants pour 8 843 km 2. It also produces cassava, orange, and beans. However, commercial activity acquires a certain importance with iron ore exports from Minas Gerais, through the Vitória a Minas Railway and is shipped at the ports of Atalaia and Ponta do Tubarão. It employs 168,357 workers in the industry. Atual Farol de Regencia.jpg 1,200 × 1,600; 781 KB The recent construction of new aircraft parking boxes on the aprons has increased the airport’s operational efficiency. Espírito Santo was the third largest producer state, with 9.4%. Industry consists mainly of canning, forestry, textiles, iron and steel works. Get this from a library! In the early 20th century, its current state symbols were adopted. Champagne Beach draws tourists with its white sand and clear waters. Espírito Santo é um Estado do Sudeste do Brasil. In 2016, the paper and cellulose industry in the South of the country represented 33% of the national total. In the northern extremes of Espírito Santo is Itaúnas, in the municipality of Conceição da Barra, which is a tourist location known for its sand dunes and forró tradition. The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. In 2016, the top five states producing logs for paper and cellulose (mainly eucalyptus) were: Paraná (15.9 million m³), São Paulo (14.7 million m³) , Bahia (13.6 million m³), Mato Grosso do Sul (9.9 million m³) and Minas Gerais (7.8 million m³). The main river serving the state is the Doce (English: Sweet River). [citation needed], In 2003, more than 1.2 million passengers used the airport, and in 2004 this rose to some 1.25 million. The first African slaves in Espírito Santo arrived in Vitória in 1609; and years of slavery ensued. In 2016, an ongoing drought over much of the state negatively impacted coffee and other crops. Jahrhunderts in Espirito Santo (Brasilien) : eine Pilotstudie. L'ÉTAT D'ESPIRITO SANTO (BRÉSIL) ESSAI DE DIVISIONS RÉGIONALES1 (Pl. A third etymology is from the name of a local tribe, borrowed by the Portuguese during the colonial period. [citation needed]. Jesus Culture - Santo Espíritu (Holy Spirit) (Letras y canción para escuchar) - Nada vale mas que tu mi señor / No hay comparación eres nuestro vivir / Tu presencia / He probado, he visto de tu dulce amor / Donde yo libre soy y During the colonial era, there were periods of gold rush when agriculture was neglected, leading to food shortages, but not much gold was found in Espírito Santo as in the neighbouring states of São Paulo and Minas Gerais. Italian food is also an important part of Capixaba cuisine. São Mateus, in the North of Espírito Santo, was the best placed city in the Southeast, as the 6th largest producer of roundwood for paper and cellulose in the country. Vitória is an important port for the exporting of iron and steel; the state is among the biggest steel-producing regions the world. This is the version of our website addressed to speakers of English in the United States. Italiano: Il Espírito Santo è uno stato del Brasile. Localização État Espírito Santo : País Brasil, Estado Espírito Santo. Espírito Santo exports iron produced in Minas Gerais. Currently the main use of the port is for ship and oil platform repairs, as well as international shipping. In 1889, with the advent of the First Brazilian Republic, Espírito Santo was made one of the states of Brazil. The first German settlement, Santa Isabel, was founded in 1844, and still stands. This narrow approach also results in shipping passing closely to population centers. São Paulo comes in 2nd place, with an 11.5% share of total production. [13][15][16][17], Espírito Santo was the 7th largest national producer of banana in 2018, with 408 thousand tons. In agricultural production, coffee, sugarcane, papaya, banana and coconut stands out. Romanians (especially from Transylvania and Bukovina) and Roma usually arrived under Austrian passports. In the mineral extractive industry, in 2019, Rio de Janeiro was the largest producer of oil and natural gas in Brazil, with 71% of the total volume produced. [25][26] In recent years, Espírito Santo has stood out in the production of oil and natural gas. "Gloria" lleva en sí la idea de honor y de alabanza ascripta en la adoración. Espírito Santo[a] (UK: /ɛˌspɪrɪtuː ˈsæntuː/,[4] US: /əˌ- ... ˈsɑːn-/,[5] Portuguese: [esˈpiɾitu ˈsɐ̃tu] (listen);[b] meaning "Holy Spirit") is a state in southeastern Brazil. — L'État d'Espirito Santo appartient à la même famille que l'État de Rio de Janeiro. Although relatively small, the industrial park in Espírito Santo is home to chemical, metallurgical, food and paper and cellulose industries. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. If you are a resident of another country or region, please select the appropriate version of Tripadvisor for your country or region in the drop-down menu. A short period of democracy existed during the Second Brazilian Republic; Carlos Monteiro Lindenberg was elected governor. The capital, Vitória, is located on an island, next to Guarapari, which constitutes the state's main metro area. [citation needed]. In 2020, Espírito Santo was the largest producer of Coffea canephora in Brazil, with a 66.3% share of the total (564.5 thousand tons, or 9.4 million 60 kg bags). The state's tourist activity is concentrated on the coast, where there are beaches, such as Itaúnas and Guarapari. Espírito Santo is a state in southeastern Brazil. Espírito Santo from Mapcarta, the free map. Small scale farming, which is turning increasingly towards agrotourism, is appealing to its Italian roots to exploit that market. Amerindian food has left its legacy in capixaba culture; the fish-based moqueca capixaba is the state dish, among other local typical seafood dishes. Faz fronteira com o oceano Atlântico a leste, com a Bahia ao norte, com Minas Gerais a oeste e noroeste, e com o estado do Rio de Janeiro ao sul. We have reviews of the best places to see in State of Espirito Santo. Português: O Espírito Santo é uma das 27 unidades federativas do Brasil. There are still a number of traditional Italian dance groups in the state and Italian culture festivals, such as the one held in Venda Nova do Imigrante. Espírito Santo was first inhabited by Amerindians, whose different tribes were usually semi-nomadic, but there is no recorded history of pre-colonial Brazil. In the mountainous regions in the south and southwest of the state, the tropical climate is strongly influenced by altitude, and the average temperatures are lower. The main industrial sectors are: Extraction of Oil and Natural Gas (23.0%), Construction (20.5%), Industrial Services of Public Utility, such as Electricity and Water (12.3%), Metallurgy (7.5 %) and Pulp and Paper (6.6%). There are considerable reserves of limestone, marble, manganese, ilmenite, bauxite, zirconium, monazites and rare earths, although not all are being explored. It was founded in 1551. El Espíritu Santo deriva del latín Espiritus Sanctus que se refiere a la gracia divina que se revela para entrar en comunión con los creyentes con el fin de contactarse con Cristo o con Dios, en otras palabras, el Espíritu Santo es el que despierta la fe cristiana. Il n'existe pas, dans l'État d'Espirito Santo, d'industrie digne d'être mentionnée, sauf deux filatures et tissés de coton, une fabrique de savon, une d'huile et une brasserie â Victoria. Microrégions [modifier | modifier le code] Brazil was already the 2nd largest producer of the fruit in the world, currently in 3rd place, losing only to India and Ecuador, and produced 6,7 million tons in the same year. Espírito Santo's main cities (outside of the Greater Vitória region) are Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Colatina, Linhares, São Mateus and Aracruz. Espírito Santo a l'océan Atlantique à l'est, Bahia au nord, Minas Gerais à l'ouest et au nord-ouest et l'État de Rio de Janeiro au sud. Germans were among the first colonists to cultivate land away from the coastal zone and were a strong influence. Situation critique dans l’État de l’Espírito Santo: les autorités doivent veiller à ne pas commettre d’erreurs démanteler la Index AI : AMR 19/026/02 Parce que, depuis longtemps, les atteintes systématiques aux droits humains ne font l’objet d’aucune enquête et … [27], In the paper and cellulose sector, Brazilian pulp production was 19.691 million tons in 2019. [citation needed]. The area was colonized by the Portuguese starting in the 16th century, and received African slaves and, later, European immigrants of various origins. In the Itapemirim river valley, cement, sugar and alcohol and canned fruit industries are developed.